Children Deprived of Education in Pakistan.
With drawing your attention, I am writing about the children
deprived of education in Pakistan. Education is the right of every
child but unfortunately in our country most of the children are
deprived from education. It is one of the most common problem that
is need to be solved. Education is the only tool that can break
this inter generational cycle of oppression, abuse, and poverty.
Today a million of children are deprived of education and this is a
major cause of violence and growing crisis in Pakistan. There are
about 19.5 million children of primary age group, out of which 6.8
million are out of school and 60% of these are females. Major cause
of illiteracy is the increase in population, which is playing a
negative role in deprivation of education for every child. Poverty
is the biggest problem in Pakistan due to which children are not
able to get education in their early childhood because their
parents canít afford their education expenses and force their child
for working in their early ages. In Pakistan there is no such law
for child labour. Government should start solving this problem as
it is the only solution leading towards a brighter future for
Mehwish Khowaja Rajab Ali.
Dow University Health & Sciences
Womenís health in rural areas of Pakistan
Pakistan is a developing country so its women have to face a lot of
health problems particularly in rural areas. It is estimated that
about 1,600 women per 100,000 die during childbirth. The main
reasons of this alarming percentage are lack of education, health
care centres and tribal customs that restricted the women from
clinical tests. In most of the rural areas most of the tribal
customs forbid women to work and to be visited by male doctors, as
a result most of the women do not go to hospital for check-ups. The
main health problem for the rural women is sexually transmitted
diseases, and reproductive tract infections. Important point is
that, unfortunately, most of the rural women remain unaware to
these disorders, main reason is that a rural women have to pay a
tough duty. Out of 278 rural women 61.5% work in the fields with
her males, even during pregnancy. Not only this, she also have to
pay duty in kitchen and other household activities. At the end of
the day she has no time to think about her health and about her
baby and 9 months complete in this routine. Moreover,
socio-economic conditions of rural areas of Pakistan are highly
responsible for the poor health of women. In 2004-2005 government
estimated that nearly 24% of rural population was living below
poverty line. And in Pakistan there is patriarchal family system
particularly it is very strictly obeyed in rural areas. The most
common problem in rural areas of Pakistan is that women deliver at
home and unfortunately it is hardly to predict which women will
develop pregnancy complications, and many complications rapidly
become life threatening. Only 44% of the women in Pakistan delivers
by skilled birth attendant which is very below than required value.
Another major problem is that literacy rate of rural women is very
low. She cannot understand complications of reproductive cycle and
face a lot of problems which not only disturb her family but also
affect the development of Pakistan. Womenís education not only
important for mothers health but very important for her baby.
Available information from 68 countries with data on under-five
mortality by mothersí education indicates that a womanís education
is a key factor in determining whether her children will survive
past the first five years of life. A childís chances of surviving
increase even further when his or her mother has a secondary or
higher education. Children of mothers with no education in the
Latin America and Caribbean region are 3.1 times more likely to die
than those with mothers who have secondary or tertiary education
and 1.6 times more likely to die than those whose mothers have
primary education. These facts suggest that rural womenís deficits
in education have broader and longer-term implications for family
well-being and poverty reduction.
1. Every Pakistani have to get education at least up to graduation
particularly girls education must be necessary.
2. Female doctors should be appointed in rural areas.
3. There should be a hospital in every village.
4. Technical schools for men and women should be established so
that rural population can improve the living standard thus helping
the country in progress.