Sonoghur is one of the most beautiful villages in the district of
Chitral. Though the glacial flooding in 2007 partially destroyed
Sonoghur, it has still not lost its scenic beauty and attraction.
Sonoghur is one of the villages in the Tehsil Mastuj (Beeyar
valley) and situated at a distance of about 90 kilometers from
Chitral town. It is on the right bank of Chitral River.
Sonoghur has about 300 households and its population is estimated
at two thousand and five hundred. The boundaries of Sonoghur touch
Meragarm No.1 in the south, Parwak in the west across the river,
Sonoghur glacier in the east and Taw Mountain in the north. It has
two parts: Torgram (Upper Sonoghur) and Mulgram (Lower Sonoghur).
In Sonoghur, there are many sub-villages. In Torgram, the famous
sub-villages are Baragandeh, Ataleghandeh, Shagunandeh,
Tori-Yaghshiandeh, Roghondok, Syedandeh, Syedandooor, Shototek,
Qaziandoor, Koran, Raisandeh, Zondrandeh, Dokdoor and Yaghshiandeh.
In Mulgram, the sub-villages Luandoor, Noghur, Khoragoal,
Gholomandeh, Shichan, Dashmanandoor, Chanjandoor, Mulgram and
Nithuk are the prominent.
Two sects of Muslims (Sunni and Ismaili) live in Sonoghur in an
exemplary harmony. The ratio between Sunnis and Ismailis is about
40:60. There are eight main clans in Sonoghur. They are: Zondray,
Syed, Yaghsheye, Riza, Raise (Hishe), Achanje, Ghorome and Dashmane.
There are some other small groups but they consist of only two to
Another beautiful and famous sub-village is Kishmanja which is
situated on the hilly area and was cultivated by Sonoghuro Malang,
Ziarat Khan Zerak in the 20th century. Without mentioning Sonoghro
Malang, the description of this legendary village cannot be
completed. Most of the peotry of the Malang is about his village.
Some people say that the clever man occupied the huge pieace of
land overlooking Sonoghur bit by bit showing himself as a gaderi
(mad). In one of his poems, the Malang refers to his new-found
property in these words:
(Jannat Sonoghur ta sora khur shere
Kishmanja namenen gaderyo sum shere)
This shows that Kishmanja was cultivated by Malang and it is his
property. This poem works as a document for the property of Malang
and his offspring. Ziarat Khan Zerak, known as Sonoghuro Malang,
was very famous for his poetry in the 20th century. In another
poem, the Malang praises Sonoghur thus:
Jannat Sonoghur ta nam baghigulay
Maina chulinyan yor diko bulbulay
Pear, apricot, apple, walnut, mulberry, peach and grapes are the
famous fruits of Sonoghur. The mulberry of Sonoghur is very famous
for its freshness and sweetness. Majority of the visitors visit
Sonoghur in the season of mulberry (June and July) and enjoy the
season also, because in June and July the season becomes very
pleasant and attract the visitors.
In Sonoghur there is a famous shrine of Zinda Pir in the
sub-village of Syedandeh, where his offspring still live. His real
name was Mohammad Zai Wali. He was very religious and virtuous
person in his time. He is the grandfather of Sadat family. Every
day dozens of people visit Zinda Pir Ziarat from Sonoghur and other
areas of Chitral.
Sonoghur is also famous for its beautiful polo ground. Before 10
years there were many horses used to be reared in Sonoghur and
every third day, the polo players used to play the game. Sonoghur
also produced many excellent polo players for Chitral. Among them
Shaji Subidar (Late) was one of the best players in Chitral. He
remained the captain of Chitral polo team in seventies against
Gilgit polo team in Shandur. Under his captainship, Chitral polo
team won many matches in Shandur against Gilgit-Baltistan. His
eldest son also used to play polo in Chitral Scouts B team. His
youngest son Shehzad Ahmed has been playing in Chitral A team in
Shandur for the last many years.
Sonoghur is also famous for its Sitar (musical instrument) at the
national and international level. In Sonoghur, there was one Sitar
maker and he was well-known as Sitar Korak (Mohammad Damiz Khan).
He died a few years ago. One of the sons of Sitar Korak has also
been making sitar from the last many years.
Sonoghur is also famous for its beautiful springs but unfortunately
due to disaster in 2007 most of the springs were demolished. The
prominent springs are Saldal Ochogh, Meshkutogh, Karkastogh,
Kukuryan Och, Khora golo och, Doldini och, telyan ochogh, and etc.
The natives of the villages have not to do hard work or worry about
irrigation water because of these springs due to the huge glacier
situated at the head of the village.
There are one GovernmentBoysHigh School, one GirlsMiddle School and
one private Middle School in Sonoghur. Majority of the youth of
Sonoghur are educated. Literacy rate in the village is over 75 %.
More than 85 % of the students of the village complete their
matriculation, 40 % of them get college education and at least 10 %
of them get university level education.
There is one BHU (basic health unit) in Sonoghur, where one doctor
and two to three nurses and technicians are serving. There is also
one Aga Khan Health Centre founded by Aga Khan Health Services
Chitral. This centre has also been providing basic health
facilities to the people of Sonoghur for two decades especially in
maternity and child care. In short, there are basic health and
education facilities for the people of Sonoghur.
In June 2007, due to the heavy flood, much of Sonoghur was
destroyed but the inhabitants of the village showed their resilence
and did not like to be rehabilitated in any other area. Without any
help coming from any quarter, they have been working hard to
rebuild their damaged houses and rehabilitate their agricultural
fields and orchards. Government and private organizations are also
working for the rehabilitation of the inhabitants. But the process
of rehabilitation is very slow, especially the government needs to
give more attention and should show more interest in the
rehabilitation of the residents of Sonoghur, so that the people
will come in their normal condition and live in a good and proper
Parwak Bala Chitral