In The Name of ALLAH The Almighty
ROLE OF AN ONCOLOGY NURSE
In the past nursing students learnt about anatomy and
physiology of a system, dealt with an infected toe, a brain with
infarcts, a heart with surgeries etc but nowadays, students are
learning about the wholeness of people, a physically ill child
struggling for safety in an abusive family, an adolescent coping
with self esteem and ego, a young adult grieving or feeling
stigmatize with the diagnosis of cancer and its complications. This
is the world of Oncology.
Expert nursing care is essential in care of patients with the end
of life situations. It is nurse who spends the most of the time
with patient and family. The oncology nurse provides the type of
care that allows patients and families to grow in dying experience.
Through care, patient or families may experience the final phase of
life as one that is healing and growth producing.
The role of an oncology nurse in the care of a client with dying
process includes imparting information and education in bereavement
process, clinical acknowledgment of abnormal bereavement, offering
emotional support, extending communication with the bereaved family
after death, enabling effective palliative care which focuses on
spiritual, psychological, physical, and social aspects of patientís
life. They also encourage caregivers to maintain a healthy
lifestyle during the periods of caregiver burden, as well as during
bereavement; and honor rituals of death and mourning in a
culturally sensitive manner. By listening to their concerns nurses
can make a difference in the ability of the bereaved family members
to move toward their life goals, such as appreciation of a
significant relationship, acceptance of change, and development of
new life patterns and relationships.