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    March  24,  2016



Continuous Professional Education for Nurses

Emphasizes on professional education, positive reinforcement, raising funds and managing work load can play a vital role in continuing professional development. Continuing Professional Development (CPD) in Nursing is described as the education for professional nurses following completion of formal training. Continuing Professional Development in Nursing consists of any educational activity which helps to uphold or increase knowledge, problem-solving skills, and professional performance standards etc., with the goal that nurses can provide quality care to patients.

Continuous Professional developments updates staff knowledge according to new researches and thus maintain standard in patient care. Professional development on the job may develop or enhance process skills, sometimes referred to as leadership skills including role of a team leader, as well as unit specific expertise like specialized course in critical care setting, oncology courses, triage management etc.

Professional Development is necessary to achieve highest possible outcome in hospital care setting. The professional nurse is the one who works for the welfare of the human kind. She has no belongings to self, no land to till. Her only asset is herself. It turns out there is no right price for service, for what is a share of a human’s worth.

In spite of physical and mental workload, nurses strive their best in order to involve in professional development. Nurses put their effort in arranging their duties and pay themselves for the courses. Factors such as, lack of staff, absenteeism and work load tends staff not to attend courses on daily basis. Individual motivation is one of most significant factors that have been identified as contributing to participation in continuous professional development. Therefore in order to have healthy work environment in clinical setting, the goal must be improvement in quality care of patients by promoting excellence in clinical practice and knowledge by overcoming factors which may hinder in acquiring professional education

Saima Bhimani
Registered Nurse in Bone Marrow Transplant Unit
Aga Khan University Stadium Road Karachi.



Adolescence is a phase of life which is characterized by rapid physical, psychological and social changes. During this time, they progress with personal identity, reach sexual growth, and attain new intellectual and social skills. Adolescents with epilepsy come across with additional worries like coping with their disease process, treatment modalities and life style limitations.

Epilepsy is defined as” chronic, yet intermittent disorder characterized by a tendency to experience recurrent , unprovoked seizures. Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder in adolescence. The main feature of epilepsy is the unpredictability of when and where a seizure will occur.

Nurses are best health professional to support adolescent in order to manage their condition and maximize their quality of life by providing effective time in patient care setting.

A diagnosis of epilepsy in adolescence can affect education, employment, socialization etc. Independence, individuality and freedom are important for adolescence. Magnificently accomplishing independence can be affected by variety of factors, including limitation in activities, management of seizures, their apprehension and embarrassment about the condition.
Adolescents may display risk taking behaviors in relation to boundaries set by their families and society as a normal response to their growth. Risk taking behavior may include not taking medication on timely basis and misuse of alcohol and drugs. Adolescents do not understand the long term consequences of adopting risk taking behavior rather they more focus on issues that affect their relationship with their peer and self-image. This can lead to poor adherence to both treatment regimens and life style recommendations.

Nurses plays an important role in counselling adolescents to discuss their social needs openly and are the key advisor in their medication management specially before going for any leisure time or gatherings.
Participation in Sports has been identified as important in achieving peer acceptance and improving self esteem Some sports such as scuba driving, parachuting and sky diving, have specific guidance related to medical conditions. Adolescents with epilepsy must be advised not to take part in water sports and should always ensure that there is someone present who knows they have epilepsy.

Adolescents must be advised that they must carry medical alert bracelet while travelling. Computers, television and video games are need of every adolescent but little advice like not watching television and playing computer games in a dark room must be guided.

Epilepsy can have negative effect on adolescent's education. It can affect academic performance with the increase number of absentism with hospitalization. This condition enhances anxiety and depression. A school health nurse plays an integral role in this regard by arranging awareness session among staff and other school mates in order to reduce stigmatization for an adolescent which ultimately helps in the positive outcome of an adolescent's performance at school. In the nut shell, Nurses plays an integral role in overall well being of an adolescent.

Saima Bhimani
Registered Nurse
Bone Marrow Transplant unit
Aga khan University Stadium road Karachi



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